The OSCE is the anchor of conventional arms control and military transparency as well as confidence-building in Europe. Its Forum for Security Co-operation, which meets weekly and holds annual Implementation Assessment Meetings, is responsible for monitoring compliance with the various OSCE instruments for arms control and confidence and security-building measures (CSBMs) as well as for the development of future concepts. It consults on current security dialogue developments and negotiates and adopts politically binding decisions and documents aimed at strengthening security and stability throughout the OSCE area. The OSCE also supports the implementation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) and the Open Skies Treaty.
Among the key documents that are the subject of consultation and further development within the FSC are the Vienna Document of 2011 on confidence- and security-building measures, the Code of Conduct on politico-military aspects of security, the Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons and the Document on Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition. Furthermore, the arms control regime defined by the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords is implemented under the auspices of the OSCE.