Organs, institutions and instruments
The Secretary General (since July 2011 Ambassador Lamberto Zannier from Italy) supports the Chairperson-in-Office and heads the OSCE Secretariat.
OSCE Secretary General
This OSCE Institution is headed by the High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) Astrid Thors (Finland).
The High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) gets involved in a situation if, in her judgement, there are tensions involving national minorities which could develop into a conflict.
The High Commissioner on National Minorities
The OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media (RFoM) is the most recent OSCE institution, as it was created in 1997. The Representative’s activities can be divided into two groups: observing media developments as part of an early warning function and helping participating States abide by their commitments to freedom of expression and free media.
The OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media
The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is one of the world’s principal regional human rights bodies. Based in Warsaw, Poland, ODIHR is active throughout Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia and North America.
The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
The OSCE is the anchor of conventional arms control and military transparency as well as confidence-building in Europe. Its Forum for Security Co-operation, which meets weekly and holds annual Implementation Assessment Meetings, is responsible for monitoring compliance with the various OSCE instruments for arms control and confidence and security-building measures (CSBMs) as well as for the development of future concepts.
The Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities and his Office co-operate on the ground with field officers; organize an annual Economic and Environmental Forum; and hold a yearly Implementation Meeting to assess progress and identify future priorities.
Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities
The Court of Conciliation and Arbitration, which is based in Geneva, provides a mechanism for the peaceful settlement of disputes between States. The Court was established in 1995 by the Convention on Conciliation and Arbitration.
OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration